Hinduism & The Essence of Vedanta

The Essence of Vedanta 1. God is all there is OR there is nothing but God. 2. God is all being – all that can be sensed, all that can be imagined, all that cannot be imagined. 3. God exists as the totality of Being, including the known, the unknown and the unknowable; God also exists in/as every instance of being. coque iphone 4. vente de coque iphone God perceives him/her/itself in different gradations of objectivity – leading to a continuum of Being with gradations of Consciousness. 5. God as Subject is absolute Consciousness. It is known as Brahman. coque iphone The power by which it perceives itself is known as Maya. The forms of objective self-perception have relative consciousness and are thus forms of Ignorance. 6. God as Object is Matter. All the gradations of consciousness leading to and including the Consciousness of Subject are latent in the Object, just as all the gradations of consciousness leading to and including the Inconscience of the Object are latent in the Subject. 7. God as Subject evolves towards greater and greater material perfection; Matter as Object evolves towards greater and greater spiritual perfection. These two evolutions are in fact one perpetual motion machine, an involution-evolution. 8. Consciousness implies Sentience and Will. 9. The sentience of God Consciousness is absolute Bliss. The sentience of relative consciousness is the duality of pleasure and pain. 10. God is thus absolute Being, absolute Consciousness, absolute Bliss (Sacchidananda), absolute Subject (Paramatman). 11. The will of God Consciousness is Divine Will. The will of relative consciousness is the duality of will-towards-consciousness and will-towards-unconsciousness. 12. Will-towards-Consciousness is called Good; will-towards-unconsciousness is called Evil. 13. Each instance of being is nothing but Being; but depending on its gradation of consciousness, it is relatively ignorant, relatively happy-and-unhappy and relatively good-and-evil. 14. God as absolute Being, absolute Consciousness, absolute Bliss, absolute Subject – is also absolute Instance or Individual (Purushottama). coque iphone 7 15. Thus, though each individual instance of being (jiva, purusha), depending on its gradation of consciousness, is relatively ignorant, relatively happy-and-unhappy and relatively good-and-evil; this is a form of self-perception by the absolute Instance or Individual (Purushottama). coque iphone en ligne Absolute Individual is thus the truth of the individual in the relative field, but is not realized as such by it. coque iphone 8coque iphone 8 Dr. Debashish Banerji, P.h.D.

Psyche Introduction

Depth psychology is an all encompassing category that includes Freud’s psychoanalysis, Jung’s analytical psychology, and more recently humanistic-existential, and transpersonal psychology.

William James, MD (1842-1910) was a psychologist and philosopher who was considered to be the, “”Father of American Psychology””. He wrote,The Varieties of Religious Experience, and was an early researcher at Harvard University. He was influential on both Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) and Carl Jung (1875-1961), whose psychologies of the unconscious emerged at the same time. Although they were both interested in the unconscious, their concepts were quite different from the beginning. While Freud believed it only contained repressed desires and emotions, Jung understood this as the personal unconscious and went further to describe the existence of the collective unconscious that is derived from ancestral memory and refers to the common experience of the human species. It is made up of archetypes and becomes apparent in the mythological images and motifs that can emerge in differing cultures independent of historical tradition or migration. It is the ground source of creativity and renewal. Jung advanced many recognizable concepts such as typology–introversion, extroversion, thinking, feeling, intuition, and sensation, complexes, individuation, the greater Self, synchronicity, and amplification for understanding dreams.

Humanistic psychology with its holistic, phenomenological approach, focusing on the human experience, emerged in the 1920 in response to the development of behaviorism. One of its founders was Carl Rogers who was influenced by Otto Rank. Abraham Maslow developed this further into the study of self-actualization as a basic human desire.

Existential psychology focuses on the philosophical fundamentals of one’s experience of life such as, the inevitability of death, one’s sense of freedom, responsibility, and life’s inherent isolation and meaninglessness. Viktor Frankl and Irvin D. Yalom were proponents of this psychology.

William James, Carl Jung, and Otto Rank were influences on the early development of transpersonal psychology. It was founded in the 1960 by Abraham Maslow, Stanislav Grof, and Anthony Sutich. It is regarded as the fourth wave of psychology. It is a mix of interest in eastern thought and practices, comparative religions, and the psychedelic experience. Its focus is on the spiritual dimension of psychology and transcendence.

Nancy Swift Furlotti